Neues Bauen

Neues Bauen was an architectural direction that evolved in the 1920s with the support of the Deutscher Werkbund in Germany. Its simple forms and functionalist building techniques set it apart from the historicist buildings of the 19th century. Characteristic features were the use of cast steel, iron skeletons and prefabricated concrete elements as well as cubic and rectangular forms in the design. The new construction method created not only programmatic villas, but also many housing estates necessary for housing welfare and public administration buildings. Representatives of the Neues Bauen included Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Erich Mendelsohn and Hans Scharoun.