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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
architect
27.03.1886 Aachen
17.08.1969 Chicago, Illinois, USA

1902 - 1905 draughtsman of stucco work for Max Fischer, then in the architectural offices of Göbbels and Albert Schneiders in Aachen. 1905 - 1907 move to Berlin, where he worked for Bruno Paul, and attended the Kunstgewerbeschule Berlin and the Hochschule für bildende Künste Berlin. 1908 - 1912 employment in the architect and designer office Peter Behrens in Berlin. 1913 work as an independent architect.


1915 - 1918 military service. 1919 return to Berlin. 1921 member of the November Gruppe (head of the architecture section), organizes until 1925 the group's architectural contributions to the annual "Große Berliner Kunstausstellung". 1924 foundation of the discussion group "Der Ring" as a member of the Bund Deutscher Architekten (BDA) and membership in the Deutscher Werkbund, 1926 appointment as its vice-president. 1927 execution of four apartment buildings on Afrikanische Straße in Berlin-Wedding and management of the Werkbund exhibition "Die Wohnung" in Stuttgart. 1928 - 1930 artistic director of the German department at the World Exhibition in Barcelona (1929) together with Ingrid Reich, development of the Barcelona armchair, design for Haus Tugendhat in Czech Brno, construction of Haus Lange and Haus Esters in Krefeld and design of a residence for Emil Nolde in Berlin.


1930 appointment as director of the Bauhaus in Dessau at the suggestion of Walter Gropius. 1931 member of the Preußische Akademie der Künste. 1932 closure of the Bauhaus in Dessau and move to Berlin, attempt to continue school in Berlin-Steglitz under the name "Freies Lehr- und Forschungsinstitut". April 1933 final closure, and subsequent dissolution of the Bauhaus in Berlin in August of the same year.

In the following years, numerous construction projects in Germany and abroad, primarily villas, participation in the propaganda show "Deutsches Volk - Deutsche Arbeit" (1934), design for the German contribution to the World Exhibition in Brussels (1935).


1937 forced by the National Socialists to leave the Preußische Akademie der Künste. 1938 emigration via Aachen and the Netherlands to the United States, director of the architecture department at the Armour (later Illinois) Institute of Technology, Chicago. 1944 American citizenship. 1949/51 first skyscrapers in Chicago and other parts of the USA, including Farnsworth House in Illinois. 1952/53 theatre design for Mannheim and honorary member of the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf. 1954 - 1958 construction of the Seagram Building, New York, Cullinan Hall in the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas; Crown Hall, Chicago and other numerous designs and building projects in the USA and Canada. 1958 resignation from the post of head of the architectural department at the IIT. 1962 - 1968 design of the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin (completed 1968), Gold Medal of the Chicago Department of the American Institute of Architects and Gold Medal of the Bund Deutscher Architekten.