Alfred Flechtheim
gallery owner, publicist, publisher, art collector
01.04.1878 Münster
09.03.1937 London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Apprenticeship in business administration in Duisburg, Düsseldorf and Münster, followed by traineeships in London, Liverpool and Odessa. 1902 - 1913 partner in his father's grain wholesale company "Flechtheimspeicher" in Düsseldorf. Regular trips to Paris, where he became acquainted with art collectors and artists. 1909 co-founder and treasurer of the Düsseldorf Sonderbund.

1913 opening of his first own gallery in Düsseldorf. Closure of the gallery during the First World War. 1919 opening of the second gallery, from 1921 branches in Berlin, Frankfurt, Cologne and Vienna (Galerie Würthle). Representation of artists such as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Paul Klee, Max Ernst, George Grosz and Max Beckmann. 1921 emigration to Berlin and foundation of the gallery "Flechtheim" with Gustav Kahnweiler. There, occupation as publisher, editing of the art magazines "Omnibus" (1931) and "Der Querschnitt" (1921).

1932 economic decline due to the economic crisis and exclusion from the Reichskammer der bildenden Künste (professional ban) as well as disparagement through the National Socialists due to his Jewish origin and his support of "degenerate" and "ostracized" art. 1933 flight to London because of persistent hostilities, arrival in London in 1934. Continued economic hardship and impoverishment. Dissolution of his private collection due to his flight and ruin.